ORIGINS (of 58 front. J.-C. with 887)
FEUDALITY (from 887 to 1483)
Any power of Feudality
Decline of Feudality
One Hundred Years old war
MONARCHY (of 1483 to 1789)
Wars of Italy
Wars against the house of Austria
Wars of religion
Apogee of monarchical France
Decline of monarchy
Ruin Ancien Régime
Hugues and Raoul.
Hugues the Large one could have been made elect king by the large ones after the deposition of Charles the Simple one; but it preferred to strengthen its power in its duchy, and it made give the crown to his brother-in-law Raoul, duke of Burgundy.
Raoul was crowned in Saint Médard's Day de Soissons by the archbishop of Direction (923).
When in unhappy Charles the Simple one it was imprisoned in Péronne and there died into 929.
Louis IV with the council of Ingelheim.
Louis IV of Overseas made main efforts to raise his authority, but the duke of France had for him the large ones and the people; a part of the clergy only remained attached to the Carolingians.
The general council of Germanie being joined together with Ingelheim close to Mainz, to examine the quarrel of king Louis and prince Hugues, Louis IV itself told his misfortunes and pled its cause.
The council solemnly threatened the duke of France of the excommunion, if it did not make satisfaction with his king, but Hugues the Large one was too powerful to be moved by the pronounced words with Ingelheim, and Louis IV, who seemed to excite Germany against France, was more unpopular than ever.
Died of Louis IV.
Louis IV went of Laon to Rheims, when it saw a wolf: he sprang at once with his continuation, au.grand.galop, and already he leaned on his saddle to strike it, when the frightened horse made a variation and désarçonna its rider.
Louis IV was done while falling from serious wounds, and died a few days afterwards.
He was old only thirty-four years and only two young person sons (954) left.
Lothaire, son of Louis IV, was a king much more energetic and much more valiant than one does not think it.
The powerful archbishop of Rheims Adalbéron, while declaring himself for Hugues Capet, had involved with him the clergy of France, which had seemed favorable to the Carolingians hitherto.
Lothaire, almost only, however held in failure all its enemies, when he died suddenly, poisoned, says one, by his wife Emma (986).
According to the Richer chronicler, he would have died naturally.
Died of Louis V.
Louis V prepared to walk against the archbishop of Rheims Adalbéron, when he died suddenly, as had died his Lothaire father and his grandfather Louis IV.
According to the Richer chronicler, it made a terrible fall while driving out with foot in a forest, was taken of a burning fever and died at the end of a few days on May 21 987. Other chroniclers show his wife to have poisoned it.
What is sure it is that the last Carolingians died by the way for their enemies.
After the death of Louis V, two candidates with the royalty, Charles of Lorraine, brother of Lothaire, and the powerful duke of France Hugues Capet went to Rheims where the large ones were assembled.
But Adalbéron spoke in Charles such a language that this one was turned over from there discouraged.
Hugues Capet, declared the only man able to defend at the same time the public thing and the private interests, was proclaimed king by the large ones and was crowned in Noyon by the archbishop of Rheims (July 1 897).
Descendants of Charlemagne, or Carolingians, which are not acknowledged not overcome, still dispute during a century the crown with the descendants of Robert the Fort.
With the death of Eudes (898) Charles the Simple one, son of Louis the Stammerer, is restored by the influence of the clergy, and preserves the crown twenty-four years.
He puts an end to the invasions the Norman ones in their giving up Normandy (911); but it cannot establish its authority firmly, and is deposited by the large ones (922).
The duke of France, Hugues the Large one, nephew of Eudes, refuses the crown for itself, and the duke of Burgundy, Raoul, is elected king.
With the death of Raoul (936), Louis IV of Overseas, son of Charles the Simple one, is restored, but Hugues the Large one maintains it in the impotence.