The French, ignited by preachings of Pierre the Hermit, swear to tear off the Holy Land in Mahométans.
The council of Clermont, directed by the pope Urbain II, completes exalter enthusiasm (1095).
An immense crowd pilgrims, without organization and discipline, leave at once under control Pierre the Hermit, but the majority perish soon of tiredness and hunger; the remainder is destroyed by the Turks.
The large army of the knights, strong, says one, of 700.000 men, and ordered by Godefroy de Bouillon, leaves only in 1096, goes by ground to Constantinople, unloads in Asia, beats the Turks with Nicée and in Dorylée (1097), takes Antioche (1098), and enters finally to Jerusalem (1099), reduced to less than 50.000 men.
The Holy Land becomes the kingdom of Jerusalem, and two orders, at the same time religious and military, the Hospital ones and Templiers, serve defenders against the Inaccurate ones to him.