Louis VIII (1223-1226) starts again the hostilities to the king of England Henri III, and takes the Limousin and Périgord to him.
A council at this meeting in Bourges (1225) orders a new crusade against the Albigensians, i.e.
against the heretics of the South, gives the responsability Louis VIII to exterminate them, and forces Henri III with a truce.
Raymond VII, count de Toulouse, are excommunicated and attacked with fury; the South of France is afflicted by most appalling of the wars.
Avignon capitulates after a long resistance, and the other cities are subjected.
Louis VIII dies in the return of forwarding after three years of reign (1226).