Philippe IV the Beautiful one (1285-1314) increases the royal capacity with the detriment of papacy and feudality.
He makes a small war in England and removes a part of Aquitaine to him.
He makes a large war with the Flemings: beaten in Courtrai (1302), it takes its revenge with Mons-in-Puelle (1304), and keeps a part of the Flanders.
The Champagne, the Angoumois, the Lyonese is brought together with the royal field.
Philippe the Beautiful one, who wants to be the Master in his kingdom, puts the Church of France under his dependence and requires of it taxes; on his side the pope Boniface VIII, who wants to dominate the kings, addresses threats to Philippe the Beautiful one: the quarrel envenime; Philippe, who needs a moral support against the pope, makes approve his control by the States General, i.e.
by barons, prelates and deputies of the cities (1302), and is avenged for excommunication by violences.
The successor of Boniface VIII continues his fight, but with its death Philippe succeeds in making elect one of its partisans, Clément V, who lends itself to lowering papacy: the seat of the Church is transported to Avignon (1305), and Philippe benefits from his victory to proscribe Templiers, of which it fears the power.