Philippe the Beautiful one strengthens the royalty by new institutions.
Become insufficient with the increases in the royal field, the court of the king is divided into three distinct bodies: Parliament, to return justice, the Room of the accounts, to manage finances, and the Great Council to direct the policy.
States General, assemblies made up representatives of the three orders, i.e.
the noble ones, prelates and deputies of the communes, are a support for the king in the difficult circumstances, but they are not associated the government; they are not consulted like the representatives of the nation, and they limit the royal capacity by no means.
Finally Philippe Beautiful A of the money and the soldiers: it gets money by new taxes, for example of the taxes on the grounds of the clergy and noble, by customs, exemptions of military service and also by often miserable expédients, but he is not a "false coiner": he makes only weak currency, i.e.
a currency whose actual value is not worth the face value; he removes little by little with the lords the right of coinage.
With this money, it bribes troops more flexible and surer than the feudal army.
the investigators, the baillifs, the seneshals and a great number of other royal officers continue to extend the royal authority in the provinces.
Philippe the Beautiful one is one of the kings who the most contributed to form the unit of France.
THREE SONS OF PHILIPPE THE BEAUTIFUL ONE
Under Louis X Hutin (1314-1316), feudality attacks the work of Philippe the Beautiful one and obtains concessions; but in its fields Louis X allows the serfs to buy their freedom.
Philippe V Length (1316-1322), pleading the salic law, seizes the crown to the damage of his niece Jeanne, girl of Louis X, makes legitimate his usurpation by the States General, and taking again the work of his father, makes make new progress with the royalty.
Charles IV (1322-1328) succeeds his brother by one second application of the salic law.
He dies itself without child, and the crown passes to Philippe de Valois, nephew of Philippe the Beautiful one.