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FEUDALITY (from 887 to 1483) » One Hundred Years old war
French history in 100 tables
by Paul Lehugeur
ORIGINS (of 58 front. J.-C. with 887)
FEUDALITY (from 887 to 1483)
MONARCHY (of 1483 to 1789)
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Philippe VI of Valois, grandson of Philippe the Bold one, goes up on the throne in 1328, by a third application of the salic law, other than the girl of Louis X, Jeanne d' Évreux, and of the grandson of Philippe the Beautiful one, Édouard III, king d' Angleterre.
Philippe VI, impatient to strengthen his capacity, beats in Cassel the Flemings revolted against their count (1328), but Édouard III, excited by the Flemings and Robert d' Artois, claims the kingdom of France the weapons to the hand, and the One Hundred Years old war starts (1337).
The fight takes place in Scotland initially, where France supports David Bruce, and in Flanders, where England supports the popular chief Jacques Artevelde.
Édouard unloads in Flanders, made recognize king de France and destroyed there the French fleet with the Lock (1341).
The fight takes place on a third theatre, in Brittany, where two applicants dispute the succession of the duchy: France takes party for Charles of Blois, England for Jean de Montfort.
After a short truce, Édouard III, recalled by the threatened Flanders, Brittany and Guyenne, unloads in Cherbourg and advances without resistance to Poissy; it moves back in front of the many army of Philippe VI, and is withdrawn towards North; the French Army follows it and reaches it in Crécy, but the insane temerity of the nobility brings a bloody disaster (1346); Calais falls to the capacity from the English (1347).
The allies of France, David Bruce, the count of Flanders and Charles of Blois are overcome and price.
France is plunged in misery, the people are crushed taxes, and the Black Death removes, says one, one the third of the inhabitants (1348).
The acquisition of Dauphiné (1349) does not compensate the country for so many sufferings.
Battle of Cassel.
The ford of Blanquetaque.
Middle-class men of Calais.
raw translation, not yet corrected
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