Jean the Good succeeds his father in 1350. King chivalrous, brave and brilliance, but friendly of the luxury and the pleasure, it quickly exhausts the treasure by its prodigalities, changes the course of the currencies and increases the taxes.
The States General, that it is forced to convene twice to alleviate dissatisfactions (in 1351 and 1355), ask that the tax be paid by all, without distinction of class, that the expenditure is regularly controlled, and that the States General meet periodically.
At the same time the war starts again.
The king of England, Edouard III, unloads in Calais and devastation Artois; his son the prince of Wales, or Prince Noir, share of Bordeaux, devastate Languedoc and the provinces of the center; its ally Charles the Bad one, king de Navarre, unloads in Cherbourg and invades Normandy.
Jean walks against Prince Noir with a much higher army in a number and meets it in Maupertuis, close to Poitiers, but the temerity of the nobility brings a new disaster, and the king is made prisoner (1356).