After the defeat of Poitiers, the Charles dolphin convenes the States Généraux in 1356 and 1357, to obtain new subsidies, but the deputies of the third state, benefitting from the decline of the nobility, claim a great part in the government.
The provost of the merchants, i.e.
the mayor of Paris, Étienne Marcel, raises the people, seizes the capacity, maltreats the dolphin, then imprudently lets it escape from Paris.
The rabble unchained, and the peasants of the surroundings, pulled by the example, make appalling excesses, but the noble ones take again soon the top; the peasants, in spite of the helps which they receive from Parisian, are massacred per thousands, of the whole cantons are depopulated.
At the same time Étienne Marcel, which wants opened the doors of Paris with Charles the Bad one, to do it king, is killed by the Parisian ones, and the dolphin, who joined together an army, returns in Paris without resistance (1358).
Edouard, with whom it dolphin refuses to give up half of France, unloads again in Calais, crosses Picardy and the Champagne (1360), and threatens Paris; finally, despairing to attract the French out of their places of war, it still offers to the dolphin very hard conditions, but that exhausted France accepts with joy; by the treaty of Brétigny (1360), Guyenne, the Limousin, Saintonge, the Angoumois, Poitou and the town of Calais are yielded to England; king Jean covers freedom.