Fight against the Large ones. - Intrigues and plots in the nobility and the royal family. Montmorency. - Five-March.
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MONARCHY (of 1483 to 1789) » Apogee of monarchical France
French history in 100 tables
by Paul Lehugeur
ORIGINS (of 58 front. J.-C. with 887)
FEUDALITY (from 887 to 1483)
MONARCHY (of 1483 to 1789)
Wars of Italy
Wars against the house of Austria
Wars of religion
Apogee of monarchical France
Decline of monarchy
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Richelieu finds France in prey with anarchy and without influence in Europe.
It promises to the king: 1° to lower the pride of large; 2° of ruin the party calvinist; 3° to give to France the first rank in Europe.
It will hold its three promises, thanks to its genius, with its firmness, its ascending on the king.
With him France returns in its true way.
the fight against large the east long and keen; before the seat of the Small rock, Richelieu ensures its authority in the council, returns to the capacity an energetic attitude against the dissatisfied ones and the rebels, and punishes hard disobedience and the rebellion.
After the seat of the Small rock, it crushes its enemies at the court, finally carries it in the spirit of the king on the queen-mother at the Day of Dupes (1630), and breaks the resistance of the Parliament.
In 1632 it resists victoriously the revolt of Gaston de Montmorency, whom the enemies of France support.
It benefits from its victory: inside, to make return in the duty the governors of the provinces; outside, to make the war in Austria.
Before dying, it still triumphs over two last revolts, that of the count de Soissons (1641) and that of Five-March (1642).
Undoubtedly its justice is without pity, but it is at this price that it overcomes the rebels.
At the same time as it thwarts the conspiracies, Richelieu strengthens the royal capacity by important reforms.
It forces the lords to destroy their strong castles, and to conform to the edicts of the king, for example with the edict against the duel.
It makes the army more monarchical, by abolishing the loads of constable and Lord High Admiral, often dangerous for the royalty; it surrounds the king of devoted agents, advisers of State and Secretaries of State, kinds of ministers; in the provinces, it entrusts all the civil administration to Intendants of justice, organizes and finances, entirely devoted with the royalty.
The authority of the king is not threatened any more.
Execution of Chalais in…
Execution of Montmorency in…
Execution of Five-March and…
raw translation, not yet corrected
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