ORIGINS (of 58 front. J.-C. with 887)
FEUDALITY (from 887 to 1483)
Any power of Feudality
Decline of Feudality
One Hundred Years old war
MONARCHY (of 1483 to 1789)
Wars of Italy
Wars against the house of Austria
Wars of religion
Apogee of monarchical France
Decline of monarchy
Ruin Ancien Régime
Colbert is one of the large ministers who organized old France: endowed with an extraordinary activity, it joins together between its hands attributions of our marine and fine art, public works, trade, agriculture, interior, Ministers for Finance.
It is told that it worked sixteen hours per day.
Impassioned admiror of Richelieu, it faced like prejudged them to him and hatreds to destroy the abuses and to think only of the public property: he wanted that France had all glories.
Its death was a great loss for Louis XIV of which it was like the good genius (1683).
Louis XIV and Louvois had about the same age; they were all the two young people, burning, quarrelsome, impassioned for military glory; they were included/understood.
Louvois had happiness to always have the confidence of the king, and, sure of the following day, it could undertake one of these works which are not possible that under the long ministries.
Its task was difficult, but it was not wearied, and thanks to him the French Army could resist the coalitions and supplement our border by invaluable conquests.
After the death of Louvois (1691), the abuses reappeared, and France felt which man it had lost.
Born in 1633, died in 1707, Vauban is famous especially as military engineer: replacing the high stone walls by ground fortifications almost on the level of the countryside, it made a great revolution in art strengthen the places; it did one at the same time in art to take them, and directed itself of them the seat of a great number of cities.
It also worked as civil engineer with ports, channels, acqueducs.
Lastly, we should not forget that it disapproved the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, and that it had courage to propose to Louis XIV useful reforms.
This is the maritime door of the channel of the South, which connects the Rhone to the Garonne, the Mediterranean in the Atlantic.
This is, like the channel, the work of Colbert and Riquet.
Infantry, Guards Swiss, French Guards.
The uniform is not a business of parade: it develops the spirit of body and the military spirit, i.e.
the taste of the soldier for his profession; it makes sensitive to the eyes the equality of the same men rank: under the uniform, there are no more rich person, neither the poor, neither middle-class man, nor peasants; there are nothing any more but soldiers.
Light cavalry and Dragons.
It was Louvois which gave to the army the uniform: the regiments of infantry accepted clothes with great skirts and felt hats on broad board; the behaviour of the French guards remained famous: she was composed of a white dress with galons of money, breeches and bottoms scarlet, of a black hat.
France cures the evils which the civil war caused and strengthens itself by a good administration.
The genius of Louis XIV consists in distinguishing the great men and dividing with them the government of the kingdom.
Colbert increases the resources of the country: it makes the taxes at the same time less heavy and more productive; it supports agriculture, industry, the trade, arts, sciences and the letters; it creates the military navy.
Louvois organizes the army firmly, there establishes a strict discipline, improves the armament and the equipment, opens with wounded the hotel Invalids; Vauban, the large military engineer, strengthens the borders and improves the art of the seats.
Hugues de Lionne continues the skilful diplomacy of Richelieu and Mazarin.
France is rich, plain and strong.
Infantry, Guards Swiss, French…
Light cavalry and Dragons.