ORIGINS (of 58 front. J.-C. with 887)
FEUDALITY (from 887 to 1483)
Any power of Feudality
Decline of Feudality
One Hundred Years old war
MONARCHY (of 1483 to 1789)
Wars of Italy
Wars against the house of Austria
Wars of religion
Apogee of monarchical France
Decline of monarchy
Ruin Ancien Régime
Louis XIV had seen dying before him his son and the elder one of his grandsons: it was its great-grandson, five years old, who succeeded to him under the name of Louis XV.
Louis XV in the Palais Royal.
A few days after funerals of Louis XIV, September 12, 1715, the young person Louis XV was brought of Vincennes in Paris by his Villeroi tutor, and held in the Palais Royal a bed of justice, i.e.
a solemn assembly, where the duke of Orleans was proclaimed regent, contrary to the wills of Louis XIV.
Marie Leczinska was girl of Stanislas Leczinski, former king de Pologne, who lived obscurely in Alsace.
Married to Louis in 1725, it was very unhappy.
The street Quincampoix, seat of the bank of Law.
The bank of Law, combined with the Company of the Western Indies, which was a vast trade undertaking, had initially an enormous success (1719).
Law was adored as God by those which its system had enriched: everyone disputed the paper of its bank and the actions of its company of trade; the actions were so required that one paid them up to forty times their value, 20 000 pounds instead of 500. The seat of the bank was street Quincampoix; the crowd of the speculators choked itself there, and small uneven gained, says one, 150 000 pounds to lend its back as a desk.
The Roze knight in Marseilles.
The plague, brought of Syria by a ship, burst in Marseilles with a violence.
There was as well died at the same time as the houses and the streets even were soon encumbered corpses: more than two thousand bodies, abandoned without burial for three weeks on the esplanade of Tourette, had formed an appalling hearth of infection, and the inhabitants prepared to flee, when the Roze knight, involving of force hundred galériens, made clear the place with hooks and push the remains in the cellars of the old ramparts.
The Belsunce bishop showed also an admirable devotion by looking after the patients (1720-1721).
BOURBONS Of ORLEANS AND SPAIN
The family of Orleans, which provided to France king Louis-Philippe in 1830, and who counts many representatives today, is one of the branches of the house of Bourbon.
She goes down from Louis XIII: the father of Louis-Philippe, Philippe-Equality, which, member of Convention, voted the death of Louis XVI and perishes in his turn on the scaffold during Terror in 1793, was the great-grandson of the regent Philippe II of Orleans; Philippe 1st, father of the regent, were the younger brother by Louis XIV.
the Bourbons of Spain, which are still on the throne in Madrid in the person of Alphonse XII, go down from the grandson of Louis XIV Philippe V, and the Bourbons of Deux-Siciles, which reigned in Naples before 1860, go down from the third son of Philippe V.
There remains finally another downward of Louis XIV: it is the count de Chambord, whose great-great-grandfather is Louis XV.
Philippe of Orleans, nephew of Louis XIV, seizes regency with the favour of the general reaction; he gives initially some satisfaction to the Parliament, the nobility, with the opinion, but manners are slackened like the government, and the Dubois minister is the object of a scandalous fortune.
The regent is impotent to raise finances; with end of resources, it has recourse to the expédients, and the system of the Law Scot (pronounce lâsse) leads to a disastrous bankruptcy.
A outside the regent, gave up suddenly the policy of Louis XIV, is combined in England and Austria against Spain; a French Army crosses the Pyrenees (1719); out of state to resist a coalition, Spain humiliates itself, but its lowering profits only in Austria and England.
After the death of the regent, the duke of Bourbon continues to serve the interests of England (1723-1726).
The street Quincampoix, seat…