Jealous of our trade and our colonies, England begins the hostilities without declaration of war (1756).
France has initially the top: Galissonière beats the fleet of Byng close to Minorque, and the duke of Richelieu takes Port-Mahon, but the government makes the fault of being combined in Austria against Prussia; the war becomes general then.
The king of Prussia, Frederic II, is initially seriously threatened by a formidable coalition, and the English army of Hanover, encircled in Closterseven by the duke of Richelieu, is reduced to promise to dissolve (1757), but Frederic II, been useful by the faults of its enemies, beats the French with Rosbach (1757), and holds head with the Austrians and the Russians, while the English army returns to shift against straight.
On sea, the English, much higher in forces, devastate our ports, destroy our fleets, ruin our merchant marine, and take the majority of our colonies to us.
France, reduced to sign the treaty of Paris, gives up in England the Indies, Canada and Senegal (1763).
England and Prussia triumph.
Choiseul tries to raise France of this disaster: it reorganizes the army and the navy, it joins together in France Lorraine (1766), and Corsica (1768), but it is disgraced.
the government of its successors, called the triumvirate, is a series of shames; they do not cure any abuse, break the Parliament and make bankruptcy; outside, they let dismember Poland.