The Convention, which succeeds Legislative (September 1792), proclaims the Republic, puts the king in judgement and condemns it to dead (January 1793).
The Of Gironde ones, which shows some moderation, are driven out of the Parliament (May 31), and are sent to the scaffold; the Common control surface by terror, by means of the revolutionary Tribunal and of the Committee of public hello; Robespierre, supported on it, exterminates all its enemies without distinction of parties; the mad ones, such as Hébert, the lenient ones, such as Danton, are carried out the ones after the others beside the moderate republicans and of the royalists, such as Malesherbes, Lavoisier, André Chénier.
Terror extends to the province; the victims are innumerable.
A outside, Dumouriez beats the Austrians with Jemmapes (1792), and conquers Belgium, while another army removes in Piedmont Nice and Savoy.
With the death of Louis XVI, the coalition becomes general: only against Austria, Piedmont, Prussia, Germany, England, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Naples and Rome, France is overcome in Nerwinden, its territory is invaded; in prey with the foreign war and the civil war, its situation seems desperate (August 1793), but it is concerned by wonders energy; Carnot organizes new armies, which order Jourdan, Hoche, Marceau, Kléber, Bonaparte; the English are overcome in Hondschoote, and the Austrians with Wattignies (October 1793); the territory is delivered everywhere, and the French Armies cross in their turn the Rhine, the Alps and the Pyrenees.