The Convention, which feels threatened itself by Robespierre, benefits from the indignation of the decent people to vigorously fight the Commune, Thermidor 9 of year II (July 27, 1794), and to send Robespierre to the scaffold.
Pressed consequently on the moderated republicans, Convention is defended successively against the mountain dwellers and the royalists (1794-95).
At outside France beats the Austrians with Fleurus (June 1794), conquers Holland, and is overcome only on sea.
Prussia, Holland and Spain decide to sign the treaties of Basle, which give to France the Prussian possessions of left bank of the Rhine, the Dutch Flanders and the Spanish part of Santo Domingo (April-July 1795).
The coalition becomes again partial.