The new government, called the Directory, is a test of moderate Republic: the legislative power is shared between two assemblies, the Council of Cinq-Cents and the Council of Old.
The executive power is also shared between five Directors, named by the Councils.
But these two capacities cannot get along, and the Directors, to control, are reduced to make the coup d'etat of the 18 fructidor against the royalist deputies (September 1797).
A outside, France, which does not have to fight any more that England, Austria, Piedmont and the Pope, gains many victories.
The countryside of Germany is initially unhappy: Jourdan is beaten in Würtzbourg in the valley of Mein (1796), is Moreau, consequently isolated in the heart from Bavaria, is constrained with the retirement.
But the countryside of Italy is an extraordinary series of victory.
Bonaparte, with 35 000 men, beats 65 000 Austrians and Piémontais, in Montenotte, Dégo, Millésimo, Mondovi: the Piedmontese one, reduced to treat, yield to France Savoy and Nice (1796).
Bonaparte completes in Lodi the first Austrian army and destroys of it one second with Lonato and Castiglione (1796).
A third Austrian army is destroyed soon in Arcole and Rivoli; the pontifical army is collapsed and the Pope definitively yields Comtat Venaissin to France (1797).
A fourth Austrian army, which tries to bar in Bonaparte the way of Vienna, has the fate of the three others.
At the same time Hoche takes again the offensive in Germany brilliantly.