Napoleon, who wants to force all Europe to carry out the continental blockade, seizes Portugal, the States of the Pope, and imposes for king on Spain his Joseph brother.
The Spaniards declare with the French a war with death.
The victory of Medina LED Rio Seco (1808) makes it possible to Joseph to enter to Madrid, but the capitulation of Dupont with Baylen forces it soon to leave there.
Napoleon passes to Spain, gains brilliant victories, drives out the English army and restores Joseph.
Austria, which hopes to raise Europe against France, is combined in England; but Napoleon runs on the Danube, beats the Austrians with Eckmühl, and, after having avoided a disaster with Essling, gains a decisive victory with Wagram.
The English victorious in Spain but are beaten in Belgium.
Overcome Austria sign the treaty of Vienna, by which it adheres to the continental blockade and yields to France the provinces Illyriennes (1809).