The retirement of Russia returns courage to the enemies of France; Prussia, which since 1807 prepares with revenge, joint with united; Austria and Germany follow soon its example.
Napoleon still beats in Lutzen and Bautzen the Russians and the Prussians, in Dresden the Russians, the Prussians and the Austrians (1813), but his army of 130 000 men is beaten in Leipzick by 300 000 Russians, Prussians, Autrichiens, Germans and Swede.
Napoleon moves back to the Rhine.
At the same time the Pyrenees are crossed by Wellington, Italy is invaded by the Austrians and Holland raises itself.
COUNTRYSIDE OF FRANCE
The border of France is crossed de.toutes.parts, excluded side of the Alps, which the kingdom protects from Italy.
Napoleon, who has only 80 000 men against 600 000, throws himself between the two large armies who invade Champagne and in destroyed isolated bodies with Chamaubert, Montmirail, in Montereau, in Rheims; he projects to cut their communications, but while he moves away united take Paris (March 1814).
Napoleon abdicates and withdraws himself in the island of Elba; France receives for king Louis XVIII, and yields all its conquests of the Republic and the Empire, except for Savoy and Comtat Venaissin.