Napoleon, benefitting from the unpopularity of Louis XVIII, unloads in France and becomes again Empereur; Louis XVIII flees (March 1815).
the coalition is reformed at once against France.
Pressed to take the offensive, Napoleon walks with 125 000 men only ahead of of the Prussians and the English: he beats the Prussians with Ligny, in Belgium (June 16).
But it is crushed in Waterloo by the brought together English and Prussians (June 18).
It abdicates for the second time, after hundred days of being able, and is delivered to the English, who off-set it in Sainte-Hélène.
Louis XVIII returns to Paris with them; the army of the Loire is dissolved, and France is reduced to sign the treaties of 1815, which remove Savoy, several places of its border of North, finally the two Antilles and the island of France to him.
The other powers increase; England extends its maritime empire, Austria dominates Italy, Prussia increases on all sides; Russia becomes a formidable empire.
The secondary States are dominated by one of the four great enemy powers of France.
European balance is destroyed.